Following the uprisings labeled as “Arab spring”, several countries in Northern Africa have started processes of political and constitutional transition. One relevant common feature of these otherwise different reform patterns has been the development of the participatory model of constitution-making. It has been variously applied across the countries: in Tunisia in particular it has been extensively exploited, but also the Moroccan experience offers some elements for argument. Egypt’s transition on the contrary has seen a limited inclusion of citizens, but it can not be ignored, especially because of the country’s relevance in the region. Finally, the Libyan transition could also give some interesting inputs, even if it is going through a different degree of development.
These reform processes represent therefore interesting constitutional laboratories of the 21th century and give an opportunity to test some assumptions relating to the «[...]growing consensus that such participation is the wave of the future» (Verseeg, 2014, 1143).